Vaclav Havel ( Czech pronunciation:[ˈvaːt͡slav ˈɦavɛl] ) was born in 5 October 1936 and he dies in 18 December 2011. He was a Czech essayist, poet, playwright, philosopher and dissident, and last but not least statesman.
The first democratic president after World War II – From 1989 to 1993 he was the first democratic president of Czechoslovakia after 41 years of communism. After splitting Czechoslovakia into two parts in 1993 he became Vaclav Havel the first president of the Czech Republic (since 1993 to 2003).
Vaclav Havel – His popularity
Havel became very popular as the world’s playwright. He wrote in the absurdist style and to the most famous plays belong for example The Memorandum and The Garden Party which are the criticism of communism. He was active in Prague Spring and for this reason became blacklisted after the invasion of Czechoslovakia. He was politically involved such as in Charter 77 and the Committee for the Defence of the Unjustly Prosecuted.
After the Velvet Revolution – Vaclav Havel Civic Forum party was very important in the Velvet Revolution in 1989. Then he became the president of Czechoslovakia and he was re-elected in 1993 again as the president of the Czech Republic. He was opposing to Slovak independence.
Vaclav Havel – Renaissance man
Vaclav Havel was very popular at home and abroad as well for his anti-consumerism, humanitarianism, civil activism, direct democracy, and environmentalism. He received several awards, such as the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Gandi Peace Prize, the Philadelphia Liberty Medal, the Order of Canada, the four Freedoms Award, the Ambassador of Conscience Award and the Hanno R. Ellenbogen Citizenship Award.
One of the most important intellectuals of his century – Vaclav Havel is by right considered to be one of the most significant intellectuals of the 20th century and many Czech people consider his majesty and popularity similar to another important statesman – Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk.